Categories
Documentary English

Notes on Blindness

So now at last we’ve come to this great problem, this question. The problem of mutual understanding. how can blind and sighted people truly understand each other? how can men understand women? how can the rich understand the poor? how can the old understand the young? can an we have insight into other people? this is the great question upon which the unity of our humanity hangs.

Aridity: (n) a deficiency of moisture (especially when resulting from a permanent absence of rainfall), (n) the quality of yielding nothing of value
Deprive: (v) deny (a person or place) the possession or use of something.
remorseless: without regret or guilt.
acquiescence: the reluctant acceptance of something without protest.
futile: incapable of producing any useful result; pointless.
contour: an outline, especially one representing or bounding the shape or form of something.
put up with: tolerate; endure.
scandalize: shock or horrify (someone) by a real or imagined violation of propriety or morality.
throbbing: causing pain in a series of regular beats.
swoop: (especially of a bird) move rapidly downwards through the air.
Cloak: an outdoor overgarment, typically sleeveless, that hangs loosely from the shoulders.

Categories
English

Accent Expert Breaks Down 4 Amazing Things About Languages | Erik Singer

Categories
English

`Must` and `Have to`

Must: Base on beliefs and strong feelings
Have to: Base on facts

“Must” is stronger than “have to”

Categories
English Series

How I Met Your Mother

Season 1

Episode 1 – “Pilot

  • Lily and Marshal engagement
  • Opening a champagne
  • Evert guy is “the enemy”

Bunk: A narrow shelflike bed, typically one of two or more arranged one on top of the other.
Blazer: A colored jacket worn by schoolchildren or sports players as part of a uniform.
Urinal: A bowl or other receptacle, typically attached to a wall in a public toilet, into which men may urinate.
Goatee: A small pointed beard like that of a goat.
Finger paint: Thick paint designed to be applied with the fingers, used especially by young children.
Dibs: Money
Shriek: Utter a high-pitched piercing sound or words, especially as an expression of terror, pain, or excitement.
Pansy: An effeminate or homosexual man.
Fluff: Entertainment or writing perceived as trivial or superficial.
ukulele: A small four-stringed guitar of Hawaiian origin.
obscure: Not discovered or known about; uncertain.
dawn: The beginning of a phenomenon or period of time, especially one considered favorable.
clarinet: A woodwind instrument with a single-reed mouthpiece, a cylindrical tube with a flared end, and holes stopped by keys.
tuba: A large brass wind instrument of the bass pitch, with three to six valves and a broad bell typically facing upwards.
no dice: used to refuse a request or indicate that there is no chance of success.
chicken out: [informal] to decide not to do something because one is afraid
Bat: Flutter (one’s eyelashes or eyelids), typically in a flirtatious manner.
Take the leap: to take the next step or especially to take a risk of some sort
word up: listen
Bodega: a small grocery shop, especially in a Spanish-speaking neighborhood.
vermouth: A red or white wine flavored with aromatic herbs, chiefly made in France and Italy and drunk mixed with gin.
Rum: An alcoholic spirit distilled from sugar-cane residues or molasses.
eccentric: (of a person or their behavior) unconventional and slightly strange.
Lingering: lasting for a long time or slow to end.
cork: a bottle stopper made of cork or a similar material.

Season 5

Episode 1 – “Perfect Week

  • Seven nights, seven girls, zero rejections
  • “Cook Pu”
  • Shared toothbrush

Spaz out: get angry about something
Jinx: a person or thing that brings bad luck
Pitch: The quality of a sound governed by the rate of vibrations producing it; the degree of highness or lowness of a tone
Hump: A rounded raised mass of earth or land.
“Cool as a cucumber”
Scouting: The action of gathering information about enemy forces or an area
Swat: A sharp blow
Dwell on/upon: Think, speak, or write at length about (a particular subject, especially one that is a source of unhappiness, anxiety, or dissatisfaction)
hygiene: Conditions or practices conducive to maintaining health and preventing disease, especially through cleanliness.
horse-drawn: (of a vehicle) pulled by a horse or horses.
giddy-up: Said to make a horse start moving or go faster.
dork: [informal] A contemptible, socially inept person.
Sure-fire: Certain to succeed
draw (or get) a bead on: [North American] Take aim at with a gun.
Klutz: [informal, North American]A clumsy, awkward, or foolish person.
Swish: A hissing or rustling sound.
Stammering: The action or fact of speaking with a stammer.
Figment: A thing that someone believes to be real but that exists only in their imagination.


Season 8

Episode 4 – “Who Wants to Be a Godparent?

Decree: an official order issued by a legal authority.
Abide: accept or act in accordance with (a rule, decision, or recommendation).
Booner killer: A person who says or does something so lame it immediately sucks all the joy out of a normally fun, hilarious and appealing situation.
Booty call: a sexual invitation or rendezvous.
coroner: an official who investigates violent, sudden, or suspicious deaths.
mugging: attack and rob (someone) in a public place.
Buttwipe: a crappy person, anything used to wipe one’s ass.
snorkel: a short curved tube for a swimmer to breathe through while keeping the face underwater.
Bong: (especially of a bell) emit a low-pitched, resonant sound.
Chord: a straight line joining the ends of an arc.
Bribe: persuade (someone) to act in one’s favor, typically illegally or dishonestly, by a gift of money or other inducements.
nubile: (of a girl or young woman) sexually mature; suitable for marriage.
Podium: a small platform on which a person may stand to be seen by an audience, as when making a speech or conducting an orchestra.
Sprinkle: Cover (an object or surface) with small drops or particles of a substance.
Stud: a large-headed piece of metal that pierces and projects from a surface, especially for decoration.
Pander: gratify or indulge (an immoral or distasteful desire, need, or habit or a person with such a desire, etc.).

References

Categories
English

A Star is Born – Words

jumble: an untidy collection or pile of things.
tumble: a sudden or headlong fall.
hallucinogenic: (of a drug) causing hallucinations.
rag: a piece of old cloth, especially one torn from a larger piece, used typically for cleaning things.
sharpie: a sharp-prowed, flat-bottomed New England sailing boat, with one or two masts each rigged with a triangular sail. pen
liquor: alcoholic drink, especially distilled spirits.
cocktail: an alcoholic drink consisting of a spirit or several spirits mixed with other ingredients, such as fruit juice, lemonade, or cream.
wig: a covering for the head made of real or artificial hair, typically worn by people for adornment or by people trying to conceal their baldness or in England by judges and barristers in courts of law.
pecan: a smooth brown nut with an edible kernel similar to a walnut.
chorus: a large organized group of singers, especially one that performs together with an orchestra or opera company.
wedge: a piece of wood, metal, or some other material having one thick end and tapering to a thin edge, that is driven between two objects or parts of an object to secure or separate them.
crooner: a singer, typically a male one, who sings sentimental songs in a soft, low voice.
curb: a stone or concrete edging to a street or path(n), restrain or keep in check (v)
vinyl: synthetic resin or plastic consisting of polyvinyl chloride or a related polymer, used especially for wallpapers and other covering materials and for phonograph records.
tinnitus: ringing or buzzing in the ears.
deed: an action that is performed intentionally or consciously.
booze: alcohol, especially hard liquor.
duet: a performance by two people, especially singers, instrumentalists, or dancers.
pond: a small body of still water formed naturally or by hollowing or embanking.
triage: (in medical use) the assignment of degrees of urgency to wounds or illnesses to decide the order of treatment of a large number of patients or casualties.
derail: cause (a train or trolley car) to leave its tracks accidentally.
soothe: gently calm (a person or their feelings).

Categories
English

Learn English By LivePD

Live PD: Slippery When Wet (Season 3) | A&E

statute: a written law passed by a legislative body.
self-propelled: moving or able to move without external propulsion or agency.
exasperated: intensely irritated and frustrated.
shrill: (of a voice or sound) high-pitched and piercing.
muffler: a part of a motor vehicle’s exhaust system, serving to muffle the sound of the vehicle. a scarf or wrap is worn around the neck and face for warmth.


Live PD: Runaway Truck (Season 3) | A&E

interlace: cross or be crossed intricately together; interweave.
contraband: imported or exported illegally, either in defiance of a total ban or without payment of duty.


Live PD: No License, No Problem (Season 3) | A&E

mower: a machine used for cutting grass, a person who cuts grass with a mower.
lawnmower: a machine for cutting the grass on a lawn.
push one’s luck: take a risk on the assumption that one will continue to be successful or in favor.


Live PD: Church Knives (Season 3) | A&E

wreck: the destruction of a ship at sea; a shipwreck.
gracious: courteous, kind, and pleasant.
lanyard: a rope threaded through a pair of deadeyes, used to adjust the tension in the rigging of a sailing vessel.


Live PD: Car Full of Everything (Season 3) | A&E

evicted: expel (someone) from a property, especially with the support of the law.

Categories
English

Writing Letters

Formal

Opening:

  • Dear Sir
  • Dear Madam
  • Dear Sir/Madam

Closing:

  • Yours faithfully

Semi-formal

Opening:

  • Dear Mr. Smith (Neutral in term of marriage status)
  • Dear Miss Jones (she’s unmarried)
  • Dear Mrs. Jones (she’s married or widowed)
  • Dear Ms. Jones (Neutral in term of marriage status)

Closing:

  • Yours Sincerely

Informal

Opening:

  • Dear John
  • Dear Mary

Closing:

  • Best wishes
  • Best regards

Reference: https://www.engvid.com/ielts-writing-letters-how-to-start-and-finish/

Categories
English

“Hold”

Meaning: Keep or maintain a position

Idioms:

  • Hold on: Wait for a second, wait for a moment, wait
  • Hold your horses: Have patient
  • Hold your peace: Shut up (not impolite)
  • hold your tongue: Shut up (impolite)
  • Hold up: Waiting, Something is making you wait, Rubbery
  • Hold my own: to be as good as anyone else
  • Hold my ground: To not change your mind/decision, Keep your position

Reference: https://www.engvid.com/english-idioms-hold/

Categories
English

Prepositions

AT:
very specific period of time

  • At 12:30
  • At 5p.m
  • At noon
  • At midnight

ON:
wider than AT like day or date

  • On Saturday
  • On Mondays
  • On new year’s day
  • On Dec 5th

IN:
Widest among all, Like months, seasons, years, decades or period of time

  • In September
  • In the summer
  • In 1995
  • In the 1960s
  • In the middle ages

References: https://www.engvid.com/prepositions-how-to-use-in-at-and-on-in-english

Categories
English

Saying Hello and Goodbye

Ways to say hello:

  • Hi
  • Hello
  • How are you doing?
  • How are you? (Formal in North America)
  • Hey man
  • How’s it hang’ in
  • What’s up

Response to hello:

  • I’m good (Used most of the time)
  • I’m fine (Formal)
  • I’m well (Formal)
  • Alright, how about yourself?
  • Not too bad

Ways to say Goodbye:

  • Goodbye (Formal)
  • Later
  • See ya

References:
https://www.engvid.com/english-speaking-saying-hello-and-goodbye
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KxyxqGnbcC8