Documentary English

Earth’s Great Rivers

An exploration of three of the world’s most iconic rivers, the Nile, the Mississippi, and the Amazon, with a look at the wildlife, astonishing landscapes, and remarkable people who live along their banks.

Wind (v): move in or take a twisting or spiral course.
Swathe (n): a broad strip or area of something.
Tributary (n): a river or stream flowing into a larger river or lake.
Upstream (adv): in the opposite direction from that in which a stream or river flows; nearer to the source.
Headwaters (n): The streams that form a river.
Scale (v): To climb to the top of something that is high and difficult to climb.
Sheer (adj): A sheer drop, cliff, slope, etc is very steep and almost vertical.
Geyser (n): A natural spring that sends hot water and stream suddenly into the air from a hole in the ground.
Spew (v): To flow out something quickly in large quantities, or to make something flow out this way.
Icebound (adj): completely surrounded or covered by ice.
Meander (n): a winding curve or bend of a river or road.
Detour (n): a long or roundabout route that is taken to avoid something or to visit somewhere along the way.
Labyrinth (n): a complicated irregular network of passages or paths in which it is difficult to find one’s way; a maze.
Cypress (n): an evergreen coniferous tree with small rounded woody cones and flattened shoots bearing small scale-like leaves. درخت سرو
Drape (v): arrange (cloth or clothing) loosely or casually on or around something.
Moss (n): a small flowerless green plant that lacks true roots, growing in low carpets or rounded cushions in damp habitats and reproducing by means of spores released from stalked capsules. خزه
Waterlogged (n): saturated with or full of water.
Endearing (adj): inspiring love or affection.
Hatch (v): (of a young bird, fish, or reptile) emerge from its egg.
Egret (n): a heron with mainly white plumage, having long plumes in the breeding season. مرغ ماهی خوار سفید
Bask (v): lie exposed to warmth and light, typically from the sun, for relaxation and pleasure.
Levee (n): an embankment built to prevent the overflow of a river.
Hem (v): surround and restrict the space or movement of.
Lagoon (n): a stretch of saltwater separated from the sea by a low sandbank or coral reef.
Wetland (n): land consisting of marshes or swamps; saturated land.
Barge (n): a flat-bottomed boat for carrying freight, typically on canals and rivers, either under its own power or towed by another.
Marshy (adj): characteristic of or resembling a marsh; waterlogged.
Brink (n): an extreme edge of land before a steep or vertical slope.
Crest (n): a comb or tuft of feathers, fur, or skin on the head of a bird or other animal.
Dashing (v): run or travel somewhere in a great hurry.
Sediment (n): matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid; dregs.
Erosion (n): the process of eroding or being eroded by wind, water, or other natural agents.
Dredge (v): clean out the bed of (a harbor, river, or other areas of water) by scooping out mud, weeds, and rubbish with a dredge.

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