Documentary English

Mind Field

Season 1

Episode 1 – Isolation

nodlower and raise one’s head slightly and briefly, especially in greeting, assent, or understanding, or to give someone a signal.
startlecause (a person or animal) to feel sudden shock or alarm.
sane(of a person) of sound mind; not mad or mentally ill.
agitationa state of anxiety or nervous excitement.
hallucinationan experience involving the apparent perception of something not present.
menstrualof or relating to the menses or menstruation. قاعدگی
hindrancea thing that provides resistance, delay, or obstruction to something or someone.
subterraneanexisting, occurring, or done under the earth’s surface.
buoyantable or apt to stay afloat or rise to the top of a liquid or gas.
recreationalrelating to or denoting activity done for enjoyment when one is not working.
loathinga feeling of intense dislike or disgust; hatred.
spokeeach of the bars or wire rods connecting the center of a wheel to its outer edge.

Episode 2 – Conformity

debriefquestion (someone, typically a soldier or spy) about a completed mission or undertaking.
reverban effect whereby the sound produced by an amplifier or an amplified musical instrument is made to reverberate slightly.
kaleidoscopea toy consisting of a tube containing mirrors and pieces of colored glass or paper, whose reflections produce changing patterns that are visible through an eyehole when the tube is rotated.
euphoriaa feeling or state of intense excitement and happiness.
hallucinogenicتوهم زا
bystandera person who is present at an event or incident but does not take part.
dissonancelack of harmony among musical notes.
conformitycompliance with standards, rules, or laws.

Episode 3 – Destruction

stand inexpressing the situation of something that is or appears to be enclosed or surrounded by something else.
tallycalculate the total number of.
effigya sculpture or model of a person.
rubberneckturn one’s head to stare at something in a foolish manner.
impulsea sudden strong and unreflective urge or desire to act.
glandan organ in the human or animal body that secretes particular chemical substances for use in the body or for discharge into the surroundings.
catharsisthe process of releasing, and thereby providing relief from, strong or repressed emotions.
bigota person who is bigoted. متعصب
pent-upclosely confined or held back.
entropylack of order or predictability; gradual decline into disorder.
venta slit in a garment, especially in the lower edge of the back of a coat through the seam.

Episode 4 – Artificial Intelligence

reciprocaterespond to (a gesture or action) by making a corresponding one.
synthesizemake (something) by synthesis, especially chemically.
sassylively, bold, and full of spirit; cheeky.
expoundpresent and explain (a theory or idea) systematically and in detail.
torsothe trunk of the human body.

Episode 5 – Freedom of Choice

dwelllive in or at a specified place.
shroudwrap or dress (a body) in a shroud for burial.
loungelie, sit, or stand in a relaxed or lazy way, a public room, as in a hotel, theater, or club, in which to sit and relax.
adrift(of a boat or its passengers) floating without being either moored or steered.
hearththe floor of a fireplace.
licoricea sweet, chewy, aromatic black substance made by evaporation from the juice of a root and used as candy and in medicine.
citrusa tree of a genus that includes citron, lemon, lime, orange, and grapefruit. Native to Asia, citrus trees are widely cultivated in warm countries for their fruit, which has juicy flesh and a pulpy rind. مرکبات
inundateoverwhelm (someone) with things or people to be dealt with.
concurbe of the same opinion; agree.
sheeplepeople compared to sheep in being docile, foolish, or easily led.

Episode 6 – Touch

cravefeel a powerful desire for (something).
dreadgreat fear or apprehension.
cerebellumthe part of the brain at the back of the skull in vertebrates. Its function is to coordinate and regulate muscular activity.
straddlean act of sitting or standing with one’s legs wide apart.
goosepoke (someone) between the buttocks.
prickle(of a person’s skin or a part of the body) experience a tingling sensation, especially as a result of strong emotion.
tingleexperience or cause to experience a slight prickling or stinging sensation.
inducesucceed in persuading or influencing (someone) to do something.
demeanoroutward behavior or bearing.
primemake (something) ready for use or action, in particular.
invasive(especially of plants or a disease) tending to spread prolifically and undesirably or harmfully.
susceptiblelikely or liable to be influenced or harmed by a particular thing.
nauseaa feeling of sickness with an inclination to vomit.
marrycause to meet or fit together; combine.

Episode 7 – In Your Face

primatea mammal of an order that includes the lemurs, bushbabies, tarsiers, marmosets, monkeys, apes, and humans. They are distinguished by having hands, handlike feet, and forward-facing eyes, and, with the exception of humans, are typically agile tree-dwellers.
ascribeattribute something to (a cause).
contractdecrease in size, number, or range.
smearcoat or mark (something) messily or carelessly with a greasy or sticky substance.
deposita layer or body of accumulated matter.
salivawatery liquid secreted into the mouth by glands, providing lubrication for chewing and swallowing, and aiding digestion.
contortiona twisted or bent condition, state, or form.

Episode 8 – Do You Know Yourself

Season 2

Episode 1 – The Greater Good

precursora person or thing that comes before another of the same kind; a forerunner.
conundruma confusing and difficult problem or question.
hurtlemove or cause to move at a great speed, typically in a wildly uncontrolled manner.
barreldrive or move fast, often heedless of surroundings or conditions.
enactact out (a role or play) on stage.
invigorategive strength or energy to.
freightgoods transported by truck, train, ship, or aircraft.
ballastheavy material, such as gravel, sand, iron, or lead, placed low in a vessel to improve its stability.
exhilaratemake (someone) feel very happy, animated, or elated.
helma tiller or wheel and any associated equipment for steering a ship or boat.
pontificateexpress one’s opinions in a way considered annoyingly pompous and dogmatic.

A life is a life
I didn’t want that power

Episode 2 – The Psychedelic Experience

Episode 3 – Interrogation

resortturn to and adopt (a strategy or course of action, especially a disagreeable or undesirable one) so as to resolve a difficult situation.
coercepersuade (an unwilling person) to do something by using force or threats.
dullmake or become dull or less intense.
botchedcarry out (a task) badly or carelessly.
dilutemake (a liquid) thinner or weaker by adding water or another solvent to it.
euphoriccharacterized by or feeling intense excitement and happiness.
littermake (a place) untidy with rubbish or a large number of objects left lying about.
sedatedcalm (someone) or make them sleep by administering a sedative drug.
depleteuse up the supply or resources of.
resoluteadmirably purposeful, determined, and unwavering.

Episode 4 – Your Brain on Tech

erraticnot even or regular in pattern or movement; unpredictable.
inanimatenot alive, especially not in the manner of animals and humans.
crayona pencil or stick of colored chalk or wax, used for drawing.
pistola very energetic or enterprising person.
malleta hammer with a large, usually wooden head, used especially for hitting a chisel.
isomorphiccorresponding or similar in form and relations.

Episode 5 – How to Make a Hero

transcendbe or go beyond the range or limits of (something abstract, typically a conceptual field or division).
confederatebring (states or groups of people) into an alliance.
rambunctiousuncontrollably exuberant; boisterous.
altruisticshowing a disinterested and selfless concern for the well-being of others; unselfish.
consciencean inner feeling or voice viewed as acting as a guide to the rightness or wrongness of one’s behavior.
allegianceloyalty or commitment of a subordinate to a superior or of an individual to a group or cause.
outrightaltogether; completely.
fudgenonsense (expressing disbelief or annoyance).
skepticalnot easily convinced; having doubts or reservations.
man(of personnel) work at, run, or operate (a place or piece of equipment) or defend (a fortification).
espionagethe practice of spying or of using spies, typically by governments to obtain political and military information.
murkydark and gloomy, especially due to thick mist.
turbulenceviolent or unsteady movement of air or water, or of some other fluid.
capea headland or promontory.
domineerassert one’s will over another in an arrogant way.
inmatea person confined to an institution such as a prison or hospital.
infamouswell known for some bad quality or deed.
spiralshow a continuous and dramatic increase.
fazedisturb or disconcert (someone).
retrospecta survey or review of a past course of events or period of time.

Episode 6 – The Power of Suggestion

intrinsicbelonging naturally; essential.
seizurethe action of capturing someone or something using force.
baffletotally bewilder or perplex.
sleightthe use of dexterity or cunning, especially so as to deceive.
contraptiona machine or device that appears strange or unnecessarily complicated, and often badly made or unsafe.
bolstersupport or strengthen; prop up.
yawninvoluntarily open one’s mouth wide and inhale deeply due to tiredness or boredom.
integralnecessary to make a whole complete; essential or fundamental.
suggestionالقاء – الهام
tantruman uncontrolled outburst of anger and frustration, typically in a young child.
impulsea sudden strong and unreflective urge or desire to act.
aurathe distinctive atmosphere or quality that seems to surround and be generated by a person, thing, or place.
concussiontemporary unconsciousness caused by a blow to the head. The term is also used loosely of the aftereffects such as confusion or temporary incapacity.
pickrepeatedly pull at something with one’s fingers.
debilitatemake (someone) weak and infirm.
potenthaving great power, influence, or effect.
placeboa harmless pill, medicine, or procedure prescribed more for the psychological benefit to the patient than for any physiological effect.
shambogus; false.
embarkشروع کردن
boast(of a person, place, or thing) possess (a feature that is a source of pride).

Episode 7 – Divergent Minds

trailblazera person who makes a new track through wild country.
blissfulextremely happy; full of joy.
laymana person without professional or specialized knowledge in a particular subject.
puffa short, explosive burst of breath or wind.
thudmove, fall, or strike something with a dull, heavy sound.
dormant(of an animal) having normal physical functions suspended or slowed down for a period of time; in or as if in a deep sleep.
ragtimemusic characterized by a syncopated melodic line and regularly accented accompaniment, evolved by black American musicians in the 1890s and played especially on the piano.
eurekaa cry of joy or satisfaction when one finds or discovers something.
prodigiousremarkably or impressively great in extent, size, or degree.
echolaliameaningless repetition of another person’s spoken words as a symptom of psychiatric disorder.
scalpthe skin covering the head, excluding the face.
lesiona region in an organ or tissue that has suffered damage through injury or disease, such as a wound, ulcer, abscess, tumor, etc..
aphasialoss of ability to understand or express speech, caused by brain damage.
autopsya postmortem examination to discover the cause of death or the extent of disease.
savanta learned person, especially a distinguished scientist.
sagittalrelating to or denoting the suture on top of the skull that runs between the parietal bones in a front to back direction.

Episode 8 – The Electric Brain

chipcut or break (a small piece) from the edge or surface of a hard material.
devotionlove, loyalty, or enthusiasm for a person, activity, or cause.
vegetative(of a person) alive but comatose and without apparent brain activity or responsiveness.
pedestalthe base or support on which a statue, obelisk, or column is mounted.
protrudeextend beyond or above a surface.
limban arm or leg of a person or four-legged animal, or a bird’s wing.
distortchange the form of (an electrical signal or sound wave) during transmission, amplification, or other processing.
lukewarm(of liquid or food that should be hot) only moderately warm; tepid.
tugpull (something) hard or suddenly.
marionettea puppet worked from above by strings attached to its limbs.
apprehensiveanxious or fearful that something bad or unpleasant will happen.
synapsea junction between two nerve cells, consisting of a minute gap across which impulses pass by diffusion of a neurotransmitter.
beada small piece of glass, stone, or similar material, typically rounded and perforated for threading with others as a necklace or rosary or for sewing onto fabric.
anesthetizeadminister an anesthetic to (a person or animal), especially so as to induce a loss of consciousness.

Season 3

Episode 1 – The Cognitive Tradeoff Hypothesis

holisticallyبه طور جامع
pupila student in school.
postulatesuggest or assume the existence, fact, or truth of (something) as a basis for reasoning, discussion, or belief.
carnivorous(of an animal) feeding on other animals.
morsela small piece or amount of food; a mouthful.
foragebulky food such as grass or hay for horses and cattle; fodder.
savannaa grassy plain in tropical and subtropical regions, with few trees.

Episode 2 – Moral Licensing

confabulationConfabulation is a symptom of various memory disorders in which made-up stories fill in any gaps in memory.
insincerenot expressing genuine feelings.
prolongextend the duration of.
utmostmost extreme; greatest.

Episode 3 – The Stilwell Brain

intricaciesthe quality of being intricate.
sodthe surface of the ground, with the grass growing on it.
roundworma nematode, especially a parasitic one found in the intestines of mammals.
emergentin the process of coming into being or becoming prominent.
featan achievement that requires great courage, skill, or strength.

Episode 4 – The Stanford Prison Experiment

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